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THEME 1 WHAT IS A GLOBAL ETHIC ?
   
  Why a Global Ethic?
Why ethical standards?
Why ethical standards in a school?
Why ethical standards for society and government?
Why ethical standards in the economy?
Why ethical standards in international politics?
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic: Max Weber
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic: Emmanuel Lévinas
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic: Hans Jonas
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic: Karl Jaspers
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic: Jürgen Habermas
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic: John Rawls
Philosophical preparations for a global ethic: Hans-Georg Gadamer
World Religions and Global Ethic
World Religions and Global Ethic: Chart
What is a Global Ethic and what is it not?
   
  Hans Küng: Way and Work
Biography
Leading question in the first phase of his life: What makes one a Christian?
Leading question in the second phase of his life: What is the Church?
Leading question in the third phase of his life: Who is Jesus Christ?
Leading question in the fourth phase of his life: Who is God?
Leading question in the fifth phase of his life: Christianity and world religions
Leading question in the fifth phase of his life: Origins of the “Global Ethic Project”
Leading question in the fifth phase of his life: Intellectual preparations for the »Global Ethic Project«
Leading question in the sixth phase of his life: A commonly held human ethic
What is a Global Ethic and what is it not?
   
  The “Declaration Toward a Global Ethic” (Chicago 1993)
History, Content, Impact
Chicago 1893: World’s Columbian Exposition
Chicago 1893: The Parliament of the World’s Religions
Hans Küng: The Origins of the “Global Ethic Project”
Chicago 1993: Second “Parliament of the World‘s Religions”
The “Declaration Toward a Global Ethic” in various languages
Every human being must be treated humanely!
The Golden Rule
Non-violence: “Have respect for life!”
Solidarity: “Deal honestly and fairly!”
Tolerance: “Speak and act truthfully!”
Equal rights: “Respect and love one another!”
Impact
   
  The Global Ethic Foundation
The foundation of the Global Ethic Foundation
The founder: Count Karl Konrad von der Groeben
Aims of the Foundation
Projects of the Global Ethic Foundation
“Exploring the tracks of the world religions”
“Exploring the tracks of the world religions”: The media
The exhibition: "World Religions – World Peace – Global Ethic«
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Tony Blair
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Mary Robinson
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Kofi Annan
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Horst Köhler
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Shirin Ebadi
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Jacques Rogge
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Helmut Schmidt
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Desmond Tutu
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Stephen K. Green
The Global Ethic Lectures in Tübingen: Claud Dierksmeier
   
THEME 2 GLOBAL ETHIC AND RELIGIONS
   
  Near-Eastern prophetic religions
Judaism, Christianity, Islam: Common Elements and the differences
   

History
Judaism
The times of the tribes prior to the creation of a state
The time of the kings: The Israelite kingdom
The period following the Babylonian Exile: Theocracy in Jerusalem
The Hebrew Bible
The prophets in opposition to priests and kings
Medieval Judaism: Rabbis and synagogues
Adaptation to the modern world
The “post-modern” period
Orthodoxe Judaism
Reform Judaism
Conservative Judaism
Secular Judaism
   
The Ethics The Ten Commandments: the basis for a shared basic ethic
Ethical model figures in Judaism
Ethical model figures in Judaism: Abraham
Ethical model figures in Judaism: Moses
Ethical model figures in Judaism: David
Ethical texts from the writings of Judaism
   

History
Christianity
Jesus of Nazareth
Jesus’ message
The first Christians
Christianity becomes Greek
The Christian Bible: the Old and the New Testaments
Constantinople: The Second Rome
Moscow: The Third Rome
The Orthodox Churches
Rome: Primacy of honour in the early church and the process of latinization
The pope: Successor to Peter?
Medieval theology and an absolutistic church structure
The Roman Catholic Church
Reformation: Martin Luther
Luther’s programme: Return to the Gospel of Jesus Christ
Division of the Western Church: The controversy about the Lord’s Supper
The Protestant Churches
Anglicanism: A third way
The revolutions of the Modern Age
Challenges to the churches in the future
   
The Ethics Jesus Christ: The essence of Christianity
The Ten Commandments: The basis for a shared basic ethic
Ethical texts from the New Testament
   

History
Islam
Who was Muhammad?
Muhammad’s message
The original Islamic community
The Qur’an
The rise of the Arab Empire
Division within the Islamic community
The Arab Empire
The “turnabout” under the Abbasids: Classical Islam
Islamic scholars: The Ulama
The mystical path: The Sufis
Three Islamic Empires
Atatürk: Mustafa Kemal Pasha (1881–1938)
The revival of Islam
   
The Ethics Islam: A basic ethic of humanity and justice
The Islamic code of duties
The five pillars of Islam
1. Belief in God and Muhammad as His Prophet
2. The ritual prayer five times a day
3. The tax for the poor
4. The annual month-long fast of Ramadan
5. The pilgrimage to Mecca
Ethical texts from the writings of Islam
   
  Indian Mystical Religions
   

History
Hinduism
Hinduism: central ideas
Vedic Religion: Religious texts and gods
Vedic Religion: Re-incarnation
Vedic Religion: A structured society
Vedic Religion: The crisis of the Vedic worldview
The classical Hindu gods
Central religious texts
Philosophical systems
Life in four stages of living
   
The Ethics Dharma: The all-encompassing moral order
A Hindu’s four aims in life
The first level of the yoga way: Elements of a basic ethos
Ethical texts from the Hindu scriptures
Gandhi: The seven modern social sins of mankind
   

History
Buddhism
Siddharta Gautama
The way to enlightenment
The Buddha
The four noble truths
The eightfold path
The “Three vehicles”
Zen-Buddhism: Meditation
Further Buddhist currents in Japan
   
The Ethics An ethic of selflessness and “loving compassion”
The five precepts of Buddhism
Ethical texts from the Buddhist scriptures
   
  Far-Eastern Wisdom Religions
   

History
Chinese Religion
Ancient China: Ancestor cult and shamanism
Confucius
Confucius’ teachings
Confucianism as a state religion
Daoism
Dao and De
Yin and Yang: The two polar forces
The Daoist “Church”
Chinese Buddhism
   
The Ethics Humanity: The basis for a commonly shared basic ethic
The Golden Rule
Five basic relationships
The Confucian virtues
Ethical texts from Chinese humanism
Ethical texts from the Daode jing
   
THEME 3 GLOBAL ETHIC AND POLITICS
   
  Global politics in transition

Political Styles and Types
of Politicians
Global politics in transition:
Richelieu: Ignoring morality in politics
Cardinal Richelieu under criticism
Bismarck: The embodiment of pragmatic politics
Otto von Bismarck under criticism
Wilson: Attempt at a new style of politics
Woodrow Wilson under criticism
Kissinger: Global politics in the old style
Kissinger’s political convictions
Henry Kissinger under criticism
Responsible politics: Between “real” and “ideal” politics
   
A New
World Order?
1918: The end of the First World War
Wilson’s Fourteen Points: Opportunity for a new world order
Missed opportunity: The Paris treaties (1919-20)
1945: End of the Second World War
Opportunities seized
Opportunities missed
Europe: Integration, cooperation, 50 years of peace
Fall of the Berlin Wall and the Iron Curtain
1991: A new world order? Vision without a strategy
September 11, 2001
September 11th and its consequences
Characteristics of the old and the new paradigm of international relations
   


The intellectual History
of Human Rights
Human Rights and Human Responsibilities
Human Rights
The origins of the notion of human rights
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Christianity
The Age of the Enlightenment
Intellectual and political change as the prerequisite
The Masterminds of Human Rights
The Masterminds of Human Rights: Thomas Hobbes
The Masterminds of Human Rights: John Locke
The Masterminds of Human Rights: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
The Masterminds of Human Rights: Immanuel Kant
   
Implementation of the Human Rights Antiquity: The Athenian democracy
The Middle Ages: Corporate liberties in the English freedom documents
Early Modern Times: The Habeas-Corpus-Act in England
Early Modern Times: The Bill of Rights in England
Liberties granted in continental Europe
North America’s road to independence and civil rights
The French Revolution
The German “Revolution” of 1848
The Weimar Constitution of 1919
National Socialism: Human rights are abrogated
The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights
Intercultural translation of the human rights
   
  Human Responsibilities
In search of global ethical standards
Global Ethic on the global agenda
The road to a “Declaration of Human Responsibilities”
Human Responsibilities: Helmut Schmidt and Hans Küng
   


Peace
or Violence?

The Peace Potential of Religions
Religion and Violence: An explanation of concepts
Religion and Violence: “The Clash of Civilizations”
Religion and Violence: Huntington under criticism
Peace: An explanation of concepts
Religion and Peace: The peace potential of religions
   
  Religions helf resolve conflicts: Four exemples
The Philippines The Philippines
The “People Power Revolution” 1983–86 and the role of the Catholic Church
The actors and their motives
The culmination of the conflict and its non-violent resolution in February 1986
Why the Catholic Church was successful as a “religion-based agent”?
 
German Democratic Republik German Democratic Republic
East Germany: The democratic “Wende” and the role of the Protestant Church
The actors and their motives
The double role of the Protestant Church
Why the Protestant Church was successful as a “religion-based agent”
 
Mozambique Mosambik
The peace process in Rome 1989-92 and the role of the Catholic lay movement Community of Sant’ Egidio
The actors and their motives
The peace process in Rome, 1989–92
Why Sant' Egidio was successful as a “religion-based agent”? 
 
Rwanda Rwanda
Engagement of Rwandan Muslims against the genocide
Civil war and genocide
Why were the Muslims successful as a “religion-based agent”?
 
Analysis Analysis: What are the hallmarks of religion-based agents of peace?
Wide acceptance as peace brokers
Special qualifications for conflict resolution
Unique approach to resolving conflicts
   
THEME 4 GLOBAL ETHIC AND ECONOMY
 

Globalisation
Global Economy – Global Ethic?
What is globalisation?
Driving forces behind globalisation
Globalisation: A historical process over the centuries
The risks of globalisation
The opportunities of globalisation
Globalisation calls for an ethic
   
Scandals Scandals
ENRON: the company
The ENRON Scandal
Consequences of the ENRON Scandal
SIEMENS: The company
The SIEMENS Scandal
Consequences of the SIEMENS Scandal as of 2008
“Morality is a production factor”
   
Doing business responsibly Doing business responsibly: Helmut Hesse
Doing business responsibly: Karl Polanyi
Doing business responsibly: Between moralism and economism
   
  The Three Levels of Econonomic Decision-Making
The level of the global economy
The level of the global economy: Horst Köhler
The level of the global economy: The challenge of globalisation
The level of the global economy: Giving globalisation a humane appearance
 
The level of the corporations
The level of the corporations: Bernd Pischetsrieder
The level of the corporations: Wendelin Wiedeking
The level of the corporations: Two models of corporate management
The level of the corporations: The chances for ethical corporation management
 
The level of the managers
The level of the managers: Wendelin Wiedeking
The level of the managers: Hans Küng
The level of the managers: Ethical competence is in demand
The level of the managers: Responsible management based on a personal ethic
The level of the managers: “Morality is a production factor”
   
  Initiatives for a New Way of Doing Business
UN Global Compact UN Global Compact: origins and goals
UN Global Compact: Contents
UN Global Compact: Ten Principles
UN Global Compact: Participation of the business enterprises
UN Global Compact: Engagement of business enterprises
UN Global Compact under criticism
   
ILO Instruments of the International Labour Organization (ILO)
The ILO Declarations
   
OECD OECD Guidelines for Multi-national Enterprises
   
Further
Initiatives
European Business Ethics Network (EBEN)
Further Networks in Europe
German Network Business Ethics (DNWE)
Forum Sustainable Development of the German Economy (econsense)
   
  Doing Business Responsibility: Examples from Praxis
Challenges Challenges to today's business enterprises
Sustainability
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
Corporate Citizenship (CC)
Corporate Governance (CG)
Compliance
Code of Conduct
Ethical investment and “sin stocks”
Corporate responsibility rating: Criteria
Measuring sustainability with the “sustainable value approach”
   
CSR

BASF


Deutsche Post


Deutsche Bank


Bosch
CSR in enterprises: exemples
 
BASF AG (Chemical Industry)
Criticism of the BASF AG
 
Deutsche Post World Net (Transport and Logistics)
Criticism of the Deutsche Post
 
Deutsche Bank AG (Financial Services)
Criticism of the Deutsche Bank
 
Examples of company values: The Bosch Group
The Bosch values
Bosch: Code of Business Conduct
Principles of social responsibility for Bosch
   
Test What would you Do?
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Question 1
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Question 2
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Question 3
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Question 4
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Question 5
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Question 6
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Question 7
Ethic in day-to-day business life: Conclusion
Can an enterprise do business ethically?
   
THEME 5 GLOBAL ETHIC IN EVERYDAY LIFE
   
  Questions about the Global Ethic Project
Is the Global Ethic Project a religious project?
Does the Global Ethic Project aim at a unification of all religions?
Doesn't peace-making between the religions mean ignoring the differences between them?
Doesn't Global Ethic involve a new global ideology?
Is the Global Ethic meant to replace the ethics of the individual religions?
Isn't Global Ethic a Western programme that is being imposed upon the rest of the world?
Aren't ethical norms always dependent upon a particular culture, so that in a different culture everything is different?
Don't the ethical responsibilities of man stand in opposition to the rights of man?
Isn't Global Ethic a utopia without a chance of success?
Would Muslims accept the Global Ethic idea?
Isn't it true that in the world religions women are pushed to the sidelines?
Did the Global Ethic idea gain new urgency through the tragic events of 11 September 2001?
Can the Global Ethic idea be helpful in the economy?
Is there a difference between ethic and ethics?
Could one say that a Global Ethic proposes to create something like the Ten Commandments of the World Religions?
Can the Global Ethic be something added to my religion?
Is the Global Ethic nothing more than a minimal consensus in ethical matters?
What does the Dalai Lama think of the Global Ethic Project?
Every religion lays claim to possess the truth. How can a dialogue between the religions deal with this difficult issue?
Isn't Jesus of Nazareth, whom Christians hold to be the "Son of God", the biggest obstacle to the inter-religious dialogue?
   
  You’re on the spot! Global Ethic in Everyday Life
Situation 1: Mugged
Situation 2: Neighbourhood terrorists
Situation 3: The recess-thief
Situation 4: Clique: Are you in or out?
Situation 5: Small lies maintain friendship
Situation 6: Lucky break or cheating?
Situation 7: Science is not for girls!
Situation 8: It's not what you think!
   
  Global Ethic concrete: Various projects
Projects
of the Global Ethic Foundation
• “Good neighbours”
• Youth camp “Find your world”
   Preparatory phase: Living segregated according to religious affiliation
   Fire, fire!!!
   After the fire: Asylum with the Muslims
   The first meeting of all three groups
   Rules for living together
   Points of conflict: Kosher or not, that is the question
   Points of conflict: A birthday celebration with mineral water
   Points of conflict: Christianity – A slipshod religion?
   Days of understanding and dialogue
   Summing up
   Does Global Ethic have a chance?
   Hans Küng in the camp: Questions put to Hans Küng
• Learning programme competition
• Muslim students in ethics class explain Islam
• Competition “Hand in Hand” in French-speaking Western Switzerland
• From Global Ethic to School Ethic: Paths to a new school culture
   
Projects
of other organizations

• Being cool - something different!
• Cooperation between school and sport club to curb violence
• Police: Campaign "Do something!" for more civil courage
• The Hänsel+Gretel Foundation
• Puppet theatre "Hands off!": Making children strong

   
  Global Ethic Forum: This is your chance!